Goat Farming

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Goat Farming

We understand the potential and scope of goat rearing, its high demand, rise in price and role of organized player. SSVB has started its goat farming and we have our first goat farm in Village, Sub-district Wai, District, State Maharashtra.Image result for goat farming india

With the latest technology and professionally trained resource we are managing our Goat Farm. We are using Stall-Fed method to manage the goats.

Stall-Fed method is the most practical and best method to follow.

Stall-Fed Method:

Goats are not allowed to graze in the outside. They are kept in a Shed (Ground level or Elevated Slotted level) separately depending upon the sex, Breed, Age and Weight.

Bucks (male goats) and Does (female goats) are kept in Separate rooms and allowed to mate at desired time with desired Bucks.

Quantity and Quality of Feed can be differentiated according to the Stage and Nutritional Requirement of different age groups of goats.

Wastage of energy during grazing is avoided.

Disease transmission is prevented from outside animals and outside plants.

Stall-fed method is highly intensive and there is a need for parent stock that, Respond to the increased nutrition with high feed conversion ratio.

Twins and triples kidding character and adaptability to stall fed conditions.

Higher milk yield for the kids.

Higher weight gain, etc.

The breed options available in India are Boer, Thalacherry, Jamnapari (Jamunapari), Kanni, Kodi, Salem Black, Sirohi, Badmasari, Beetal, Karowli (Karoli), Sojat, Ajmeri, Osmanabadi (Usmanabadi), Jakhrana, Kohilawadi, Barbari, Bengal Black, Surti and many more.

For better result and profitability we are rearing Boer and Sanen breed. The major benefit of these breeds are their adaptation power.

Boer goat is from southern Africa whereas the Sanen is from Switzerland. We have analyzed and concluded for these two breeds for breed development. Few of the factors behind our choices are:

Why Boer?

Boer goat is known for its fast weight gain, and quality meat worldwide. It is a native breed of South Africa and it’s developed and reared all over the world for Meat purpose. In India its Reared in limited numbers and it’s mainly used to cross breed with local breeds to yield excellent Cross-breeds.

For a comparison if we see the Weight achieved by different breeds in India in 1 year Age were,

Local country breed : 15-18 kg
Malabari : 25 to 30 Kg
North Indian Breeds Like Sirohi,
Jamunapari (Mostly Single kidding) : 25 to 35 Kg
Boer (South Africa) : 45 to 50 kg (In Indian conditions)
Boer-Thalachery Cross breed(F1) : 35 to 40 kg

They were developed in South Africa over the past 50 years from indigenous goats with resistance to a wide range of diseases and adapted to harsh environments ranging from the deserts to the tropics and also cold climates.

The improved Boer Goat in southern Africa has shown that it can survive longer in droughts and poor grazing conditions than other goats. The dressing percentage of Boers is high compared with other goats and yields from 48 to 60 % edible meat.

Boer Goats give lean, high quality meat which is tender, juicy and flavoursome. Boers provide larger, higher quality skins which fetch better market prices compared with local goat skins.Related image

Boer goats have brought about a goat meat revolution in Australia, China, the U.S.A. and Canada.

The main features Boer goats:

  • Adaptable to all types of climates from hot tropical to cold climates.
  • Fast growth and excellent feed conversion ratio.
  • High twinning percentage.
  • Early maturity.

Adult weightImage result for goat farming india

Male 75 to 80 kg

Female 45 to 50 kg Kidded Boer doe

Weights of pure and crossbred kids

– 3 months: approx. 12 to18 kg

– 6 months: approx. 18 to 28 kg

Quality meat with low bone percentage and low fat

– Milk contains 5 to 6% fat

– High disease resistance

Produces very good crossbreds with local Indian goats.

Why Sanen?

Saanen goat originated from Saanen Valley of Switzerland. They are the largest among all the dairy goat breeds. They are mainly raised for commercial milk production like jamunapari and alpine goat. A female Saanen goat produces about 3.8 liters milk daily.

Saanen goats are being raised throughout the world. In United States this breed is one of the best and preferred dairy goat mainly for their consistency in producing large amounts of milk in accordance with their sturdiness, easy keepability and ability to tolerate environmental changes. The main benefits of raising Saanen goat is that, their care and management is very easy (even a child can take care of them) and they produces milk highly.

Certain Characteristics, feeding, breeding, housing and care of Saanen goat are described below.

Characteristics

Mainly Saanen goats are of white colored. But sometimes biscuit colored goats can be seen.

There may some black spots in the nose, ears and udder of this goat.The ears are straight to upwards.Generally they have no horns.Small sized legs. Long sized neck.

Udder become very big sized.

Their whole body is covered with small sized hair.

The produces milk highly among all the dairy goat breeds.

They can adopt themselves with the weather of any region of the world.

They love to stay under shade and can’t tolerate sunlight highly.

An adult male Saanen goat weights about 70-90 kg and an adult female goat weights about 60-70 kg.

On an average a female goat produces about 3.8 liters milk daily.

Their milk contains about 3.5% fat. And this milk is very suitable for preparing all types of dairy or milk products.

Feeding

As Saanen goats are highly milk productive so, they need some extra protein and energy with their regular feed. Along with fresh and good food always provide them fresh and clean water regularly. See what to feed goats.

Breeding

Saanen goats typically breed every year. And each time produce one or a pair of kids. Take extra care of breeding bucks and pregnant does.

Housing

Housing is very important for Saanen goats. Because they love to stay in shady place and can’t tolerate heavy sunlight. A good house also protects them from all types of predators, adverse conditions and all types of diseases.

Saanen Goat Care

It is very easy to raise Saanen goat. They don’t need any special and extra care. You can raise them with your other animal easily. Even a child can raise and take care of them easily. But taking some extra care and management will increase their health and production.

Always feed your goat fresh and good quality food which has proper nutrition value and enriched with all necessary feed ingredients.

Milking process of your goat should done twice a day.

Try to make a fence around your farm area and always keep the goats inside the farm.

Ensure sufficient supply of fresh air and light inside their house.

Clean the house and used equipment of goat regularly.

Always keep the house dry.

Keep the male goats separated from the female.

Take some extra care of the pregnant goats, breeding bucks and kids.

Provide them sufficient fresh and clean water.

If needed call a veterinarian as soon as possible.

Breed characteristics

Saanen does:

Saanen does are heavy milk producers and usually yield between 3% and 4% fat.

The Saanen is a typical dairy-type animal, it has a dished or straight facial line and a wedge-shaped body. Saanens are of medium height when compared with the other Alpine breeds in Australia. Does weigh at least 64 kg. The average height measured at the withers, is about 81 cm for does and 94 cm for bucks.

The coat is all white or all cream and the hair is generally short and fairly fine although some may have longer hair along the spine, hindquarters, or both. Horns may or may not be present at birth. The ears are generally pointed and erect and the head is usually lightly structured.

The breed is sensitive to excessive sunlight and performs best in cooler conditions. The provision of shade is essential, and tan skin is preferable.

Saanens are usually very docile animals and like to keep to a routine so are well-suited to machine milking. They respond quickly to affection.

The Saanen doe:

The high-producing Saanen doe should also be an efficient reproducer. She should have a docile nature, and appear alert and feminine.

The udder should be well developed not fleshy, and have a collapsed appearance and a soft texture after milking. It should be round or globular, and not pendulous or ‘split’ between the halves. A fairly flat udder sole is preferable. The udder should be carried high and well under the body. Good udder attachment is particularly important.

The teats should be distinct from the udder and moderately sized. They should be squarely placed and point slightly forward. Does with abnormal teats and udders may prove difficult to milk and should not be used for breeding replacements.

The jaw should be square (not overshot or undershot) and the teeth should be sound. The muzzle and nostrils should be wide, the lips broad and the eyes set well apart. The neck should be long, slim, of good depth and connect evenly with the withers and shoulders.

The body should be wedge-shaped, well developed and have good height and depth. The chest should be wide and deep. The ribs should be well sprung. There should be no marked dip behind the withers or shoulders. The back should be level from the shoulders to the hips and drop slightly to the tail.

The Saanen doe should stand and walk without dropping at the pasterns. The legs should be clean, long and straight and placed squarely under the body. They should not be cow-hocked. The thighs should be thin, allowing adequate room for the udder.

The Saanen buck:

The Saanen buck’s ability should be gauged by his reproductive performance and the quality and performance of his offspring. The buck should have good conformation and depth of body, be masculine but not coarse in appearance and have vigour.

The testicles should be of good size, well balanced and firm. The scrotum should be well placed, not divided and allow the testes to hang away from the body (not excessively).

Polled bucks are not generally used in breeding programs as offspring resulting from matings with polled does may be born as either intersex females or sterile males. If polled bucks are used, they should only be mated with horned does.

SSVB have the following offerings:

  • Live animals.
  • Advice on goat management (Consultancy).
  • Training in Artificial Insemination and Goat Management.
  • We are fortunate to have best team of veterinarian along with well trained resource with hands on practical knowledge and vast experience with goat and sheep rearing in India.

Goat Farm Management Training Program

We are conducting Goat Farm Management Training Program everyday. We are giving maximum exposure to the trainees, who can spend the whole day at the farm and learn about various aspects of Goat Management viz.

  • 1. Suitable Breeds of Goats
  • 2. Suitable Goat Shed Construction
  • 3. Feeding
  • 4. Kidding
  • 5. Goat Diseases and Medicines

We have started our latest strategy for selling Goat through our websites. We have updated /provided the complete details of the Goat on our website and one can buy directly through our websites.